Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological condition related to the brain’s electrical and chemical functioning. ADHD manifests itself as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity that occurs at more frequently than what is expected in other individuals at the same developmental stage. The symptoms need to present consistently for at least 6 months and have been present at or before age 7. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) ADHD will fall into three categories:

  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity/Impulsivity
  • Inattention and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity
  • According to the DSM, signs of inattention include:
  • Becoming easily distracted by irrelevant sights and sounds
  • Failing to pay attention to details and making careless mistakes
  • Rarely following instructions carefully and completely
  • Losing or forgetting things like toys, or pencils, books, and tools needed for a task

Some signs of hyperactivity and impulsivity are:

  • Feeling restless, often fidgeting with hands or feet, or squirming
  • Running, climbing, or leaving a seat, in situations where sitting or quiet behavior is expected
  • Blurting out answers before hearing the whole question
  • Having difficulty waiting in line or for a turn

Treatments that have been found to be effective at treating ADHD include:

  • Individual Therapy
  • Family Therapy
  • Social Skills Training
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy